Vitiligo (vit-ill-eye-go) is a skin disorder, appears due to the deficiency or loss of melanin cells in skin. Melanin cells produce pigmentary substances in skin. When the pigment substances are lost from the skin, skin shows white patches.
Family history of vitiligo.
Sudden or slowly appearance of whitish spots or patches on skin.
Appearance of first vitiligo patch on those body parts like face, hands that are mostly
exposed to sun rays.
Due to vitiligo, hairs on affected areas turn in to white, because vitiligo affects on hair
Retina of the eye is also damaged because of vitiligo.
It is challengeable task for scientists to find out one exact cause of vitiligo. At a same time there are lots of reasons of the appearance of vitiligo, and on the other side it can be appear naturally. It is said that the major cause of disease is loss of pigment producing cells in skin. Special cells, melanocytes when fails to produce melanin cells in skin. the skin shows white patches.
Vitiligo is an acquired condition and can be appeared on both male & female genders, of all kind of races, of any age. It is more noticeable in colored or darker skinned people instead of the whitish people. Although the cause of disease is yet unknown, but it is said that autoimmunity can be a factor. Overall it affects 40 to 50 million of people in world wide, means 1-2 percentage of the world.
Vitiligo patches or spots can appear as smooth depigmented areas with a darker boarder. The edges of the patches are piercingly defined but irregular. Although it can be appeared on all body parts but frequently the most affected areas are the face, elbows, knees, hands and feet.
There is no need to conduct medical tests to verify vitiligo disease. The appearance of white patches on skin simply shows that a person is suffering from vitiligo. As describe earlier that it can be appeared due to many other disorders thus a skin biopsy may be needed to verify other skin disorders. Many patients have been found from other disorders at a same time along with vitiligo.
Many disorders along with vitiligo are:-
• Halo Naevi
• Optic Anomalies
• Addison’s disorder
• Otic Abnormalities
• Otic Abnormalities
• Pernicious Anaemia etc
The medical tests that can verify these and some other immune disorders are Antinuclear Antibody Test; Thyroid peroxides antibody, Comprehensive metabolic panel, 25-Hydroxy-Vitamin D & Folate/B12
The answer is in NO. The disease can not be spread through touching vitiligo patient or through by handling personal belongings with the patient.
Vitiligo patches hits on the psychological level of the patient. Patient loss his integrity, his power, confidence and as well as dedication. He starts considering himself inferior from others.
According to the American Vitiligo Research Foundation, the disease is incurable in nature.
Treatments purposes are to either re-produce melanin cells in skin or give a singe tone to skin. Treatments include:
It is used to provide awareness of the disease, and its treatments to patients and his family members.
It is used for centuries, gives much emphases on taking vitiligo food along with vitiligo medicines
Treatment conducted through UVA or UVB bulb rays, with the help of psoralen drug.
It is treated by natural products or medicines. Most famous vitiligo homeopathic treatment is Babchi oil or anti vitiligo oil.
Transfer of pigment producing cells (melanin) from one body part to another depigmented part of body.